“Only one company has invested heavily in fireproofing research & development…That company is ISOLATEK INTERNATIONAL.”
CAFCO® FENDOLITE® M-II | Industrial Cementitious Spray-Applied Fire Resistive Material (SFRM)
CAFCO® FENDOLITE® M-II is the preferred choice worldwide for use in Petrochemical and other heavy industrial facilities. Its unparalleled performance over its history has been backed by its extensive fire testing easily meeting every major specification worldwide. Its exceptional thermal performance and durability has allowed it to achieve its reputation for being the most reliable and proven material in the industry.
The lightweight and durable composition of CAFCO FENDOLITE M-II provides the required fire protection with efficiency, predictability and dependability not available in concrete.
- Unmatched testing to meet all major Specifications & Approvals,
including API, NFPA and FM, among others.
- Proven durability with over 30 years of service.
- Easiest high density fire protection material to install.
- Superior physical properties when evaluated to all major ASTM test methods to ensure durability.
- Lightweight formulation results in reduced dead loads
(approximately one-third that of concrete).
- Prevents concrete spalling under impact and thermal shock.
- Continuous R&D development and unmatched manufacturer support.
- Worldwide manufacturing ensures availability.
- Global network of applicators.
CAFCO FENDOLITE M-II provides efficient, reliable, durable and comprehensive protection to structures within petrochemical facilities. Its superior physical properties are demonstrated by its ability to withstand extreme industrial environments and to provide fire protection in the event of a catastrophic fire. The CAFCO FENDOLITE M-II system has been specifically designed for use on steel beams, columns, vertical and horizontal steel vessels, and vessel skirts. Each structure within the facility requires its own unique step-by-step process. These are each visually detailed within our Application Techniques Page >
Fire Tests & Approvals
In order to meet the criteria set forth by American Petroleum Institute (API), NFPA, Factory Mutual (FM) and alike, CAFCO® FENDOLITE® M-II has undergone the most rigorous testing in accordance with the world’s most demanding safety protocols.
- ANSI/UL263 Fire Test of Building Construction and Materials
- ANSI/UL1709 Rapid Rise Fire Test of Protection Materials for Structural Steel
- 2nd ANSI/UL 1709 Rapid Rise Fire Test of Protection Materials for Structural Steel (following initial ANSI/UL 1709 Rapid Rise Fire Test)
- ANSI/UL1709 Environmental Exposure Tests (Aging, High Humidity, Industrial Atmosphere, Salt Spray, Combined Wet/Freeze/Dry Cycling, Acid Spray and Solvent Spray)
- BS 476, Parts 20-21: 1987 Appendix D Hydrocarbon Heating Conditions
- Gas Explosion Test (3-Bar Blast Overpressure)
- ANSI/UL 1709 Rapid Rise Fire Test (Following Gas Explosion)
- ISO 22899-1 Determination of the Resistance to Jet Fires of Passive Fire Protection Materials
- ISO 22899-1 Jet Fire Test (Following Gas Explosion Test)
- NFPA 58, Annex H Procedure for Torch Fire and Hose Stream Testing of Thermal Insulating Systems for LP-Gas Containers
- ANSI/UL 1709 Rapid Rise Fire Test (Following Liquid Nitrogen Immersion Test)
- Fire Protective Coating for LP Gas Steel Storage Vessels and Process Structures (Class 4971)
- GEIE GASAFE Program (LPG Storage Vessels)
- Rijkswaterstaat (RWS) Curve
- Increased Time/Temperature Curve (HCinc)
- Major Specification and Approval Compliance
ANSI/UL 263 (ASTM E119, ISO834) – Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials
This cellulosic fire test is traditionally used to evaluate materials for use in the protection of modern day commercial structures. This test reaches 1000°F (537°C) after 5 minutes and gradually reaches a temperature of 2000°F (1093°C) after a period of 4 hours.
CAFCO FENDOLITE M-II is classified by Underwriters Laboratories for up to 4 hours protection in accordance with the cellulosic fire test and is listed within various UL Designs.
ANSI/UL 1709, Rapid Rise Fire Test of Protection Materials for Structural Steel
This fire test is provided to evaluate materials for use in petrochemical facilities and other similar structures that may be subjected to higher levels of heat generated by hydrocarbon-based fires. Unlike cellulosic-based fires, which are evaluated in accordance with test method ANSI/UL 263, ASTM E 119, which reaches a temperature of 2000°F (1093°C) over a period of 4 hours, the ANSI/UL 1709 test method reaches 2000°F after five minutes and maintains that temperature over the duration of the test. Only materials tested and classified in accordance with UL 1709 can be used where the risk of a hydrocarbon fire exists.
CAFCO FENDOLITE M-II and CAFCO FENDOLITE TG are classified by Underwriters Laboratories for up to 4 hours protection in accordance with the Rapid Rise Fire Test. The specific listing within the UL Fire Resistance Directory is UL Design XR704 , UL Design XR729 , UL Design XR730
2nd ANSI/UL 1709, Rapid Rise Fire Test of Protection Materials for Structural Steel (following initial ANSI/UL 1709 Rapid Rise Fire Test)
2nd ANSI/UL 1709, Rapid Rise Fire Test of Protection Materials for Structural Steel (following initial ANSI/UL 1709 Rapid Rise Fire Test) as above however subjecting CAFCO FENDOLITE M-II to Two Full Scale UL 1709 Fire Tests within a 24-hour period (tested, allowed to cool to ambient and re-tested).
ANSI/UL1709 Environmental Exposure Tests (Aging, High Humidity, Industrial Atmosphere, Salt Spray, Combined Wet/Freeze/Dry Cycling, Acid Spray and Solvent Spray)
In addition to the required ANSI/UL1709 environmental exposure tests (Aging, High Humidity, Industrial Atmosphere, Salt Spray and Combined Wet/Freeze/Dry Cycling), CAFCO FENDOLITE M-II has also been tested under the following conditions:
- Acid Spray – Exposure of the material (with and without topcoat) to a hydrochloric acid /water fog spray.
- Solvent Spray – Exposure of the material (with and without topcoat) to a spray applied solvent for 5 cycles. Each cycle consists of the application of the solvent, 6 hour dry time, re-application of the solvent, and dry time of 18 hours.
BS 476, Parts 20-21: 1987 Appendix D – Hydrocarbon Heating Conditions
BS 476 Part 21:1987 is the British Standard method for determination of the fire resistance of load bearing elements of construction including Beams, Columns, Floors, and Flat roofs. CAFCO FENDOLITE M-II has undergone testing and meets the criteria for five limiting temperatures ranging from 662°F (350°C) to 1022°F (550°C). Thicknesses of CAFCO FENDOLITE M-II have been determined based on the required hourly rating and steel sections’ W/D (Hp/A) ratios.
Gas Explosion Test (3-Bar Blast Overpressure)
The above test serves to demonstrate the resistance and thermal performance of a fire resistive material subjected to a blast, either by fueled or explosive sources. Steel members protected with CAFCO FENDOLITE M-ll were subjected to a blast (having a nominal overpressure of 3 bars) in accordance with Spadeadam Site Test Procedure No. 108. The results following this extensive blast revealed little to no damage to the fire resistive material.
CAFCO FENDOLITE M-ll has been issued a Lloyd’s Register Certificate after successfully completing this test.
ANSI/UL 1709 Rapid Rise Fire Test (following a Gas Explosion Test)
The above test serves to demonstrate the fire protection material’s ability to withstand a blast or explosion as well as the resulting pool fires. An ANSI/UL 1709 Rapid Rise Fire Test was conducted after the CAFCO FENDOLITE M-ll protected steel members were subjected to a gas explosion test (maximum overpressure of 3.11 bars).
CAFCO FENDOLITE M-ll meets the criteria of this combined test and carries a Lloyd’s Register Certificate.
ISO 22899-1 Determination of the Resistance to Jet Fires of Passive Fire Protection Materials
Testing a material’s fire resistance under jet fire has arisen from the industry’s recognition that there are fire scenarios more destructive than standard hydrocarbon pooled fires. The jet fire described in ISO 22899-1:2007 involves the sonic release of propane vapor which produces an intense fire ball. The test sample is exposed to a combined radiative and convective heat flux as well as significant erosive forces due to the velocity of the jet.
CAFCO FENDOLITE M-ll meets the criteria for a J-120 rating in accordance with the ISO 22899-1 Jet Fire Test and is covered in a Lloyd’s Register Certificate.
ISO 22899-1 Jet Fire Test (following Gas Explosion Test)
This test subjects fire resistive material to high velocity fire and a gas explosion replicating what often occurs when a vapor cloud explosion results in a jet fire that produces intense heat and erosive forces from a pressurized fuel source.
CAFCO FENDOLITE M-ll meets the criteria of this combined test and carries a Lloyd’s Register Certificate.
NFPA 58, Annex H- Procedure for Torch Fire and Hose Stream Testing of Thermal Insulating Systems for LP- Gas Containers
Subjecting materials to a combination of torch and hose stream testing provides a simulated condition that mimics a fire event to a LP gas storage Vessel- including the potential impingement effects to the vessel when fighting the fire. Isolatek International opted for extended torching time in this test to show that the material provides results which exceed the actual industry approval requirements.
CAFCO FENDOLITE M-ll has been successfully evaluated to this procedure and carries a Lloyd’s Inspection Certificate.
ANSI/UL 1709 Type Rapid Rise Fire Test (following Liquid Nitrogen Immersion Test)
Exposing a fireproofed steel member to a ten minute cold splash of liquid nitrogen models the cryogenic conditions that can occur in a LNG loading facility. The CAFCO FENDOLITE M-ll test sample was submerged in a liquid nitrogen bath and subsequently subjected to a UL 1709 type fire test. The results determined the CAFCO FENDOLITE M-ll material was resistant to freezing temperatures, prevented the steelwork from reaching embrittlement temperature, and will survive the thermal shock of a fire immediately afterwards.
Fire Protective Coating for LP-Gas Steel Storage Vessels and Process Structures (Class 4971)
Isolatek International has conducted three major tests on its CAFCO FENDOLITE M-ll fire resistive material according to the LP- Gas Steel Storage Vessel and Process Structures Class #4971 industry standard; fire testing, hose stream testing, and heat of combustion testing.
CAFCO FENDOLITE M-ll meets this standard and is approved by FM Global (Report No. 3040498) and is listed within the FM Approval guide.
GEIE GASAFE Program (LPG Storage Vessels)
Following a series of LPG tank explosions in Europe in the 1970’s, authorities took action to prevent these accidents and develop new protection standards. As a result, the GASAFE test program was formed. This program used scaled-down vessel models, which were evaluated in accordance with a hydrocarbon time-temperature curve with hose stream. It is generally known that the GASAFE application method is the preferred method since it was evaluated in accordance with a more realistic testing protocol for protection of LPG storage vessels.
CAFCO FENDOLITE M-II has been successfully tested in accordance with the GASAFE test program by CTICM and CSTB fire testing laboratories in Europe.
Rijkswaterstaat (RWS) Curve
Following a chain of major tunnel fires across Europe, the Ministry of Transport in the Netherlands developed the Rijkswaterstaat (RWS) curve, which is now the global standard for testing materials for use in tunnel fire protection. Materials that pass this test provide a means of effective fire protection for the concrete lining within tunnels to prevent concrete spalling under impact and thermal shock. The material is designed to inhibit the surface of the concrete lining from exceeding a temperature of 716°F (380°C) when subjected to fire exposure after a duration of two hours. This fire test represents the ignited contents of a 45,000 litre gasoline tanker spread over a surface area of 150 m².
Based on a series of full scale comprehensive fire tests, studies and analysis, the CAFCO FENDOLITE M-II system meets and exceeds the requirements and carries numerous Efectis Group Certificates.
Increased Time/Temperature Curve (HCinc)
This curve was developed to meet the French Ministry of Transport Regulations (CIRCULAIRE INTERMINISTERIELLE No. 2000-63 introduced in August 2000) and represents the temperatures generated in tunnel fires. The maximum temperature of the HCinc curve is 2372°F (1300°C) which is more severe than the standard BS 476 Part 21, UL 1709, and other hydrocarbon Time/Temperature curves.
Major Specification and Approval Compliance
CAFCO FENDOLITE M-II meets or exceeds all of the major international Specifications and Approvals, including but not limited to the following:
- American Petroleum Institute (API) Section 2510, Design and Construction of Liquefied Petroleum Gas Installations (LPG)
- American Petroleum Institute (API) Section 2510A, Fire-Protection Considerations for the Design and Operation of LPG Storage Facilities
- American Petroleum Institute (API) Section 2218, Fireproofing Practices in Petroleum and Petrochemical Processing Plants
- NFPA 58, Liquified Petroleum Gas Code
- NFPA 502, Standard for Road Tunnels, Bridges and Other Limited Access Highways
- Factory Mutual 4971, Fire-Protection Considerations for the Design and Operation of LPG Storage Facilities
- Germany – DIN 4102
- Netherlands – Test No. 87-88
- China – Test No. 8809
- Japan – JIS 1304
- Korea – KSF 2257
- India – CBRI
- Australia – CSIRO
- Singapore – SETSCO
“CAFCO® FENDOLITE® M-II is the most proven and time tested material used within petrochemical and industrial environments in the world.”
Fire protection materials installed within petrochemical and other industrial environments require
resilience to endure extreme conditions for prolonged periods of time. In order to survive these conditions,
fire resistive materials must be able to withstand exposure to solvents, oils, chemicals, mechanical abuse and
direct exposure to weathering conditions.
Through our sophisticated research and development team, Isolatek International develops all of our products
to meet and exceed industry specification guidelines.
Isolatek International utilizes the services of well-known independent third party testing laboratories to evaluate
all of our materials to ensure that owners and designers are receiving the exceptional durability that we publicize.
All of our third party physical property test reports are current and are always available by request.
CAFCO® FENDOLITE® M-II has been extensively evaluated in accordance with the following global test methods:
- ASTM E84, “Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials”
- ASTM E605, “Standard Test Methods for Thickness and Density of Sprayed Fire Resistive Material Applied to Structural Members”
- ASTM E736, “Cohesion/Adhesion of Sprayed Fire Resistive Material Applied to Structural Members”
- ASTM E761, “Compressive Strength of Sprayed Fire Resistive Material Applied to Structural Members”
- ASTM E859, “Test Method for Air Erosion of Sprayed Fire Resistive Material Applied to Structural Members”
- ASTM E937, “Standard Test Method for Corrosion of Steel by Sprayed Fire Resistive Material Applied to Structural Members”
- ASTM E136, “Standard Test Method for Behavior of Material in a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750˚ C”
- ASTM D2240, “Test Method for Rubber Property-Durometer Hardness”
- ASTM E759, “Standard Test Method for Effect of Deflection on Sprayed Fire-Resistive Material Applied to Structural Members”
- ASTM E760, “Standard Test Method for Effect of Impact on Bonding of Sprayed Fire-Resistive Material Applied to Structural Members”
- ASTM D790, “Standard Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials”
- ASTM G21, “Standard Practice for Determining Resistance of Synthetic Polymeric Materials to Fungi”
|ASTM Physical Performance Standards||Test Performance* Spray-Applied Fire Resistive Materials (SFRMs)|
|Physical Property||ASTM Standard||CAFCO® FENDOLITE® M-II|
|Surface Burning Characteristics||ASTM E84||0
|Density||ASTM E605||44-48 pcf (704-768 kg/m3)|
|Cohesion / Adhesion (Bond Strength)||ASTM E736||16,154 psf (774 kPa)|
|Deflection||ASTM E759||No cracks, spalling, or delamination|
|Bond Impact||ASTM E760||No cracks, spalling, or delamination|
|Compressive Strength||ASTM E761||550 psi (3,793 kPa)|
|Corrosion||ASTM E937||Does not promote corrosion of steel|
|Air Erosion||ASTM E859||0.000 g/ft.2 (0.000 g/m2)|
|Fungal Resistance||ASTM G21||Zero Growth After 28 days|
|Durometer Hardness||ASTM D2240||40|
|Maximum Strain||ASTM D790||0.0024 in/in (0.06 mm/mm)|
|Thermal Properties||ASTM C518||Conductivity[k] – 1.14 BTU in/hr ft2 @ 75oF
(0.164 W/m•K)Resistance [R/inch]-0.88
*Based on independent laboratory tests under controlled conditions.